Local businessman shoots and kills 13-year-old Roma girl in Amfissa, Central Greece

A local businessman shot and killed a 13-year-old girl in the Roma settlement by the town of Amfissa, Central Greece, short after 8 o’ clock on Monday evening. The 34-year-old perpetrator is at large still Tuesday noon. Tension in the area is high as locals fear of revenge and members of the Roma community have already set the perpetrator’s car on fire and damaged his shop.

According to media reports, the shooter is a local man, a butcher, living in the village Viniani near the Roma settlement, while his shop is in the town of Amfissa.

“As every time, the butcher passed the settlement driving at a high speed. A group of Roma stopped him in order to admonish him. The dispute soon led to an exchange of insults and physical violence The butcher finally left for his village and returned a few moment later armed with a gun. From a spot higher than the settlement he shot and killed the 13-year-old girl and injured another resident,” notes news website zougla.gr that sent a reporter to the area.

According to neaselida.gr, the 35-year-old man injured in the leg is the girl’s father.

The girl died immediately with a bullet in her head.

The shooter left the area with his car which he abandoned a few kilometers away and most possibly went to hide in the mountains which “he knows like his hand.”

With the Roma community in shock, groups were quickly organized and left to find the perpetrator.

They discovered his car abandoned about 1.5 km away from the settlement and set it on fire.

Then they moved to the village and smashed his shop.

They blocked access to the camp thus making the police work harder.

Authorities did not intervene immediately after the murder, it was just Tuesday morning that a small group of Amfissa security team arrived at the crime scene however, the community initially did not allow access.

The Roma community is mourning and does not allow anyone to get close to the settlement – except some photreporters.

There is also about another version of the incident, according to which the butcher suspected the girl’s father as responsible for a theft in his home or shop and he went to the settlement to “settle” the issue. “He left his hunting rifle in the car and entered the settlement. There was a dispute with the community and he was beaten. He went to his car and returned armed with the rifle and the situation went out of control,” reports news website newsit.gr.

Some other media claim that the perpetrator was firing in the air.

The girl and the injured man were taken to a hospital, where doctors could only confirm her death. The man received treatment and released from the hospital.

According to zougla.gr, authorities but also locals suggest that the perpetrator does not intend to surrender fearing immediate reprisals.

The relationship between the butcher and the small Roma community has been tense for quite some time due to his habit to increase speed while passing by the settlement, where a lots of children play around.

It looks as if there have been a kind of vendetta between the Roma community and the broader family of the perpetrator.

According to latest reports, after the murder the perpetrator’s family and relatives left their homes and sought refuge in homes of friends. They fear of reprisals especially after the damages at the shop of the shooter’s brother.

The police, aware of the seriousness of the situation and the risk of a wider explosion in the area because of this feud, acts with discretion, while its first priority is to capture the perpetrator, media report.

In a statement issued by the police of Amfissa-Delphoi said it is seeking to capture the perpetrator and has ordered an autopsy to the girl’s body.

While police has launched a manhunt, strong police forces have been deployed to Amfissa from other regions in order to keep law and order, as the atmosphere is very explosive.

Deputy Labor Minister, Theano Fotiou, described the murder as “tragedy” and said that this and another Roma settlement were to be relocated soon in an area made available by the Ampfissa municipality. “The Roma community has already agreed with the relocation plans in order to escape the miserable living conditions they have been living in,” Fotiou said.

The mayor of Delphi told state broadcaster ERT at Tuesday noon he could not say what exactly had happened.

The truth will shine once police has captured the shooter.




15. Mai 2018 – Bayern 2 Radio

Täter in Uniform. Polizeigewalt in Deutschland von Marie von Kuck

Prügelnde Polizisten, Rassismus im Amt? Die Polizeigewerkschaft spricht von schwarzen Schafen. Von bedauerlichen Ausnahmen. Doch Amnesty International kritisiert seit Jahren strukturelle Polizeigewalt in Deutschland.

Ein Polizist mit Pistole und Schlagstock. Bild: picture-alliance/dpa/Wolfram Steinberg

8. November 1960 – Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung

Z*** wollen keine Blutrache (Hamburg)

„… Bei der Schlägerei hatte ein Polizeibeamter in letzter Not mehrere Pistolenschüsse auf die ihn bedrängenden Z*** abgefeuert und dabei zwei der Angreifer getötet und einen schwer verletzt. Daraufhin war in Hamburg die Befürchtung aufgekommen, dass die Z*** Blutrache üben würden, und die Hamburger Polizei hatte den Z*** für diesen Fall energetische Gegenmaßnahmen angedroht. Die Vermutungen über das weitere Verhalten der Z*** beendete jedoch der König der Sippe mit einem Besuch bei der Hamburger Kriminalpolizei. Nach Mitteilung der Polizei versicherte der Z***könig in feierlicher Form, dass die Mitglieder seiner Sippe keinerlei Blutrache planten und auch sonst keine Ausschreitungen von Seiten der Z*** zu befürchten seien.“

Anti- Roma Pogrom in Kiev by Ukrainian Neo- Nazis

8th June 2018

With Axes and Hammers, Far- Right Vigilantes Destroy Another Romany Camp in Kyiv

The attack was broadcast live on the militia’s Facebook page.
That video, which has since been removed, shows the National Druzhyna members in T-shirts adorned with the group’s insignia hacking at the camp’s makeshift homes with axes and hammers.

At one point, the militia members mock a woman and child fleeing with their belongings, asking if they planned to eat a nearby dog. “I heard you eat dogs,” one of the men says. Later, another belittles a woman trying to collect belongings from the debris by suggesting her actions might be acceptable “in India, but not here.”

25th April 2018

A group of Ukrainian neo-Nazis has forcibly evicted Roma from a camp in Kiev, bragging about the violent pogrom on Facebook. The move was slammed by Amnesty International as Congress voiced concern over Nazism glorification.

The neo-Nazis forced the Roma to flee their camp and then burned some of 15 tents belonging to the Roma, the NGO said. The radicals themselves boasted about their pogrom in a Facebook post and described their actions as “convincing and legal arguments.” They also claimed they “disposed of the litter” left over by the Roma and “safely burnt” their tents, as well as uploaded the photos of the devastated camp to social media.

Footage taken by local activists shows the far-right radicals chasing a group of Roma, which included many children, through the streets of the Ukrainian capital. The video, which was published on YouTube by a local news media outlet, shows the neo-Nazis throwing stones at women and children and using gas canisters against them.

“In the night from April 20 to 21, members of the radical C14 group wreaked havoc in the Roma encampment… in the Goloseevsky district of Kiev,” the Ukrainian office of Amnesty International, the international human rights NGO, said in a statement. The radicals used “gas canisters, bladed weapons and possibly even firearms” in their attack, the statement said, adding that some people, including children, sustained injuries in the incident.

“It is important to understand that anyone could become a target of such attacks: Roma, women, anti-corruption activists, Jews, [members of] the LGBT [community], as well as journalists, artists, students or writers,” Oksana Pokalchuk, the director of the Ukrainian office of Amnesty International, said, commenting on the issue.

Pokalchuk then went on to criticize the Ukrainian authorities for giving the radicals free rein. “No one can now be sure that they will not become the next target of the… radicals, who already got a feeling of impunity,” she said, adding that Ukrainian law enforcement services “remain inactive” in most such cases.

According to the statement, police officers, who arrived at the scene when the radicals already set the camp ablaze, just told the Roma that “everything was burning” and said that they should leave Kiev as soon as possible. Amnesty then called for an “urgent and effective investigation” of the incident, adding that Ukraine has “international obligations” to protect human rights.

Ukrainian authorities have been long turning a blind eye to the actions of various radical groups. In February, members of the same neo-Nazi C14 group stormed the building of the Russian international cultural agency in Kiev. They took a Russian flag from the facility, burned it and spray-painted slogans such as “Death to Russia!” and “Get out!” on the walls inside the building. However, Ukrainian police said at that time that they found “no material damage” resulting from the actions of the radicals.

In January, hundreds of ultranationalist vigilantes marched through Ukraine’s capital, saying that they were ready to use force to impose “Ukrainian order.” They also held a “swearing-in” ceremony in the center of Kiev, during which they vowed to “cleanse” the streets of “the rot like alcoholics and drug addicts.” At that time, police also just looked on.

The C14 is a particularly notorious group of Ukrainian ultranationalist radicals. It was founded back in 2010 and has close ties to the nationalist ‘Svoboda’ (‘Freedom’) party. A US-based Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium (TRAC) has designated it as a paramilitary group that embraces an ideology of “racism” as well as “urban terrorism.”

In February 2018, a group of C14 radicals vandalized a monument to the Soviet soldiers who fought against the Nazis in the World War Two. The extremists destroyed the inscription, which said: “To those who defeated Nazism.”

The group has been involved in dozens of violent confrontations in Ukraine. Two of its members are suspected by Ukrainian investigators of murdering prominent Ukrainian journalist Oles Buzina in April 2015, the Ukrainian media reports.

The rise of neo-Nazism in Ukraine has recently provoked concerns in Washington. A bipartisan group of 57 US Congress members led by Reps. Ro Khanna (D-California) and David Cicilline (D-Rhode Island) sent an open letter to the acting US Secretary of State John Sullivan, particularly asking him to “exert diplomatic pressure on Ukraine” over what they called “recent incidents of state-sponsored Holocaust denial and anti-Semitism.”

The members of the Congress drew attention to the fact that Ukrainian authorities openly pursue a policy of “glorifying Nazi collaborators, including Stepan Bandera, Roman Shukhevych and the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN) as well as the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA),” adding that “these paramilitaries and individuals … bear responsibility for the murder of thousands of Jews, 70,000-100,000 Poles, and other ethnic minorities between 1941 and 1945.”


Woher kommt der Begriff „Bohémiens“?

Die Manouches sind seit Langem in Frankreich, seit dem Jahr 1419 und sprechen ein Romani mit einem großen Anteil Französisch. Sie wanderten aus Kleinasien (der heutigen Türkei) über Böhmen und Mähren nach Mitteleuropa. Seit dem 15. Jahrhundert titulierte man Roma in Frankreich mit dem Namen „Bohémien“. Gemäß Jean- Paul Clébert trafen erstens „authentische“ Böhmen (slawische „Stämme“ in Böhmen, französisch Bohémiens) in Frankreich im frühen Mittelalter ein. Als sie dann eine dynamische Gruppe schufen innerhalb der Vaganten (Goliarden) und Vagabunden, die sich den karolingischen Heeren anschlossen, übertrug sich die Bezeichnung Bohémien auf die Vaganten gemeinhin. Schließlich als die ersten Romgruppen in Frankreich in einer Aufmachung auftraten, der dem Vaganten gleichkam, wurden auch sie Bohémien genannt. Daraus lässt sich die Herkunft des Begriffs Bohémien ableiten, dass heute im Sinne von leichtlebige und unkonventionelle Künstlernatur verwendet wird.

Weiterhin kamen Roma zur selben Zeit wie die Einrichtung der Gilde der Geusen (gueux, französisch Bettler) in Frankreich an. Dazu werden kontroverse Standpunkte vertreten ob und wie Roma und die sogenannten „Gefährlichen Klassen“ kollaborierten. Trotz alledem ordnete man sie zwangsläufig den „Gefährlichen Klassen“ zu, wie ihre soziologische Bezeichnung Bohémien lautet. Die Gilde der Geusen war hi­e­r­ar­chi­sie­rt in fünf Kategorien: a) Soldaten (Glücksritter), b) Tabulettkrämer und Hausierer, c) Bettler, d) Bohémiens und Egyptiens und e) Diebe. Der Autor Jean- Paul Clébert leitet eine Brüderschaft zwischen Roma und Geusen ab, da ihr Dasein großenteils auf die Verbündung angewiesen sei. In der Periode von 1346 bis 1452 haben die Große Pest und der Hundertjährige Krieg Frankreich in eine Wüstenlandschaft transformiert. Es hieß, dass man „andere fressen musste, um nicht gefressen zu werden“. Außerdem verblieben Roma in einer Bevölkerung die sie an den Rand stießen nichts anderes als zu vagabundieren sich mit den falschen Eremiten, Vaganten und sogenannten Gottesmännern zusammen zu schließen.

Die Konfession der Roma zeigt ein widerspruchsvolles Bild. Sie wurden aufgrund des Büßertums sowohl in christliche Verhältnisse eingegliedert, als auch weit weg vom Christentum. Als Gründe hierfür können der Dienst der Frauen als Wahrsagerinnen, die vorgeworfene Spionagetätigkeit für die Türken, oder die Darstellung als „Heiden“ oder „Tataren“ genannt werden. Zu den unliebsam beurteilten Faktoren „gehörten soziales (Diebstahl), religiöses (Wahrsagen) oder politisches Fehlverhalten (unterstellte Kundschaftertätigkeit für die Türken) und ästhetische Störfaktoren wie die „schwarze“ Hautfarbe“. Während Diebstahl und Wahrsagerei in den Quellen nachweisbar ist, können keine die Tätigkeit der Spionage Bestätigen. Ein weiterer wichtiger Punkt ist, dass alle religiösen und sozialen Verstöße, die auch andere verübten, bei Roma betont wurden, das heisst über die kollektive Zuschreibung zu einem vermeintlichen Attribut ihrer ethnischen Zugehörigkeit konzipiert wurde.

Im Jahre 1427 als Roma erstmals in Paris ankamen, exkommunizierte sie der Erzbischof von Paris. Die Begründung dafür war der Vorwurf des Diebstahls, Erpressungen und Betrügereien. Des Weiteren bezichtigte man sie sich von Schwindeleien zu ernähren, schwarze Magie zu vollführen und insbesondere nicht zugehörig zu sein. Die Zeitspanne zwischen dem 16. und 17. Jahrhundert war durch die Machtkämpfe der Kirche dominiert. Sie buhlten für die ökonomische und politische Macht gegen die neuen Religionen dem Protestantismus und Calvinismus. Das fortbestehen der Roma war durch die Güte der Bevölkerung und der lokalen Machtinhabern beherrscht. Es lag aber auch vor allen Dingen an der Anpassungsfähigkeit, Klugheit und Umsicht der Betroffenen ab. Das hat zur Folge, dass Roma Überlebenstechniken entwickelten, unter anderem hielten sie sich „lautlos und unsichtbar in den Wäldern und Heiden“ auf und offerierten attraktive Dienstleistungen oder Waren, wie Wahrsagerei und Märchen, Zaubermittel und Haushaltswaren an. Hier sei noch einmal hervorgehoben, dass auch Roma von den Inquisitoren verfolgt wurden aufgrund der Heilkunde und Wahrsagerei. Des weiteren bekamen Roma vom Pariser Parlament ein Ausweisungsbefehl und ihnen wurde mit der Galeerenstrafe gedroht. Da vielfach die Galeeren zu voll waren, bekamen sie andere Strafen, beispielsweise wurden sie „an den Pranger gestellt, ausgepeitscht und gewippt, oder es wurden ihnen die Ohren abgeschnitten“.